Addressing human health at the Human-Animal Interface – Terry McElwain

Addressing human health at the Human-Animal Interface – Terry McElwain

Addressing human health at the Human-Animal Interface – Terry McElwain

WWWAMI lecture. UW, March 12 2013.Terry McElwain DVM, PhD, Executive Director, Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Washington State University; Professor and Associate Director, Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University

  1. Janbrueghelark.jpg
  2. Picture: Jan Brueghel the Elder’s The Entry of the Animals Into Noah’s Ark
  3. UW Department of Global Health announcement: “Dr. McElwain’s current work addresses the global control of infectious
    diseases at the human-animal interface. His lecture will explore facets
    of this interface, particularly in resource-constrained countries, and
    how global health challenges can be addressed at that interface.”
  4. starting live-tweeting of talk: Addressing human health at the #AnimalhumanInterface -Terry McElwain @UW
  5. Terry McElwain started by giving a definition of Global Health and some of the challenges in resource-constrained countries:
  6. Global health: priority of on equity in health for all people- Jeff Koplan #AnimalhumanInterface
  7. 70% of emergent human pathogens are zoonotic in origin #AnimalhumanInterface – Terry McElwain
  8. Most Emerging disease reported at developed countries but hotspots are not necessarily in developed countries #AnimalhumanInterface
  9. We need a global network that reports emerging deceases, more international laboratories needed #AnimalhumanInterface
  10. Tanzania, feverish patients assumed to have malaria. After introducing lab diagnosis, ~2% was really malaria #AnimalhumanInterface
  11. Antimicrobial resistance in farms: counterfeit drugs and poor drug storage change antibiotic concentration #AnimalhumanInterface
  12. Small technological innovations can help drugs, vaccine preservation on the field, especially on developing countries #AnimalhumanInterface
  13. We then started talking about Rabies transmitted mostly by dogs that did not get vaccinated by their owners
  14. Rabies kills >55,000 people per year worldwide. A neglected disease! #AnimalhumanInterface
  15. Rabies can be controlled- Tanzania study shows dog vaccination reduces rabies outbreaks- and morbidity! #AnimalhumanInterface
  16. Tanzania dog study interesting sideline. Most popular dog names: Osama and Obama #AnimalhumanInterface
  17. Another case study, population based animal syndromic surveilance (PBASS) in Kenya.
  18. Smart phones used in Population based animal syndromic surveillance in Kenya #AnimalhumanInterface  http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016085 /article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0016085
  19. PBASS collected information but also offered free human health follow-up (if they can get to the hospital) #AnimalhumanInterface
  20. 80% households at Kenyan PBASS study own chickens. Only 17% of them eat eggs #AnimalhumanInterface
  21. Animal syndromes follow-up at PBASS study, 44% suffered digestive syndrome (diarrhea)- still figuring out main causes #AnimalhumanInterface
  22. Sustainable intervention should be based on what works for the families on site. PBASS helps to find some answers #AnimalhumanInterface
  23. Thanks Terry McElwain for a great talk! this is the end of #AnimalhumanInterface